However, not all grasses have each part and at certain life stages the grass individual can lose parts (such as the florets when the grass senesces for the season). Tue, 2010-06-08 00:58 -- bksimon43@gmail.com Check boxes for all that apply. Use this handy guide to identify your grass type. Descriptions of the plant parts used in identification of turfgrasses are provided in the following paragraphs. Luckily, identifying your existing grass is fairly easy once you’ve learned some key characteristics. Introduction to plant parts. In While some grass species are okay to mix, blending together other types will result in a “patchwork quilt-like” look. There are over 13,650,000 records available in CAB Direct | Last updated on December 19, 2020. Designed for use outside, this laminated fold-out guide features beautiful colour paintings of grasses. For example, learning to identify fescues is a good start to learning several specific grasses: fine fescue, tall fescue and so on. Common grasses with auricles that can easily be seen include annual and perennial ryegrass and quackgrass. home - common name index - scientific name index - picture key - weedy grasses - ornamental grasses - database: Picture key c hoose between two options below picture key information: A. Unbranched flowering head: Look closely at the flowering head to see if it branches. Characteristics Used in the Key Identification of grass seedlings requires observation of severaldifferentfeatures.Thiskeybeginswithlargefeatures andeasy-to-distinguishcharacteristics.Forexample,inlittle bluestem[Schizachyriumscoparium(Michx. Typhaceae. 322 0 obj <> endobj The visualisation, key design and Each species has its own growth habits, maintenance requirements, texture and shade of green. 1. The following is a general key that may help in making a preliminary diagnosis of landscape turfgrass. Ligule not a fringe of hairs 2. %%EOF Like most websites we use cookies. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use. Grasses ()Legumes ()Gymnosperms; Wetland Monocots; Ericaceae; ON-LINE VERSION: The application runs on-line in a new browser window and does not load any executable files onto your computer. This makes more character data available in the key and minimizes … Your help is appreciated. [c}�z�.�C�6�`m0���k�n�c�@�+2��{�;jW;�p�m6����{cB-�K�qC�>�v���z����� )Nash]theflat-ness of the lower stems is a readily visible characteristic. Navigate with above index or scroll bar. Key for Identification of Landscape Turfgrass Diseases 1. Plant part definitions. The project aims to improve and up date landholder knowledge in pest animal management and weed management across South Australia. �T$��i⎣�Ef��F�����{,�Z�-��ӑ�z5$�/3:q��M\z�,�ӡ�x��� ��f���l懦��]�s���E���e3U����r�f��L7���tj��m9T�s�����Zf���p1K Here’s a Successful Grass-fed Example . Identifying grasses isn’t easy, and what I like about this resource is that it points out the little identifiers that make all the difference when you’re trying to separate one kind of grass from another. Descriptions of the plant parts used in identification of turfgrasses are provided in the following paragraphs. Grass-like plants. The names of genera in the Key to Genera link to the keys of the species for those genera. This identification guide relies primarily on the use of keys and descriptive information to aid the use in identifying a grass species. Grass-like plants. h�Ԙmo�6���?���^����4��e��l���bӱV[�$����wGJ�l+��a[%�y��Q�ƙ2��^1�j�7L��8]C���%��Lpl�΄�� �H ��2Ƃ�B�ةVT0ػ�X��9��6T���5b,P? Insert Presentation Date . Broad and sometimes Characteristics Used in the Key Identification of grass seedlings requires observation of severaldifferentfeatures.Thiskeybeginswithlargefeatures andeasy-to-distinguishcharacteristics.Forexample,inlittle bluestem[Schizachyriumscoparium(Michx. Weed ID Keys. Grass identification requires you to look at vegetative characteristics along with flowering or seed head features, all of which can be small and usually are not very showy. The finely textured grasses are key components in seed mixes designed for yards with dense shade. Can you please help us? Sketches We depend on donations to help keep this site free and up to date for you. Sheath. Common Grasses Found in Pennsylvania Hay and Pasture Fields Grass Species Life Cycle Plant Height Sheath Blade Collar Auricles Ligule Stem Inflor- escence Comments Barnyard grass Echinochloa muricata Beauv. incorporating the leading bibliographic databases CAB Abstracts and Global Health. Not hairy on top or bottom. While some grass species are okay to mix, blending together other types will result in a “patchwork quilt-like” look. A x10 hand lens is useful for this. Grasses are most easily identified when they are in flower, using a combination of floral and vegetative features. These characteristics and features can help you identify your grass: Fine fescue – The most shade-tolerant common cool-season lawn grass, fine fescues grow well even in heavy shade. For taxonomic or specialist queries about grasses or the taxa covered in Ausgrass2, please contact Maria Vorontsova or Terry Macfarlane AusGrass2 builds on the foundation of AusGrass (Sharp & Simon 2002) from data maintained in DELTA format, one for species and infra-specific taxa and another for genera. Links to additional resources. Also included is a multi-access key and code table. Illustrated keys are given to 46 grasses in the non-flowering and flowering condition. means you agree to our use of cookies. The key includes common turfgrass, plus some lesser-used species that are often misidentified in the field. Invasive grass identification. The ability to identify plants allows us to assess many important rangeland variables that are critical to proper management: range condi-tion, proper stocking rates, forage production, wildlife habitat quality, and rangeland trend (upward or downward). The bay grass key was designed to allow you to identify most species of bay grasses found in Maryland. How to use a dichotomous key . N|;��[P�{���X>����F�:z� E�ȅ�-n.���b��jn|�R���D�Ks[��XX́��\�p����o7��ï���P�;�������Z㼍�ps������L��m���-��`� v��H�:&�Ӽ� \nή�"Y�ل��`�f?�d��4@�3��W��o�c���wj�B�졏�x�~��>��'�W�}�q(#%1�5�{�2���!Vn�Z*�k�=� y:���ԌR!������j�Æ:d�. Although this key is not optimised for portable devices, it displays OK on tablets. Like broadleaf weeds, grasses vary The structure of the flower heads is quite complex and must be clearly understood in order to be able to identify grasses. This publication covers basic grass anatomy, including terms commonly used for grass identification, and guides you through seven questions to ask about the species Best viewed in Internet Explorer. A leaf consists of 2 parts - the sheath and the blade (see Figure 1). Grass Identification Matrix Recommended if you are familiar with grass structures. �J�ͼ��d�Ʀ���A���)%�j��ӌ]��,���s��������,,|���}�릝ovF̠͜*l5�5sH��s�W���ǹ�����~I�^�H�U^����X��8OJK"��iZ��k?��&7[�˻��y�,��~����@�vGu�Q���"��-I��r�&��P>�_�!B4R�ݩ`hT0R�0��Hk�P�C��G���hh�O�B�D��,�(�(��`(e< This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible. Leaves. Depending on which area of the country you live, your lawn will most likely have different types of grasses. Identifying vegetative grasses and seed heads To identify grasses in established pastures, first check to see whether the grass is sod forming (spreading) or bunching (forms clumps). Grasses can be notoriously difficult to identify, partially due to new vocabulary and very tiny parts to inspect. Ford KA, Glenny D, James T 2007. Dedicated smartphone apps are available for two of the keys on these webpages (Coprosma and Native orchids). session so others can sign in. Quackgrass Vegetative grasses/seed heads, p. 30. The knowledge-base construction, written information on morphological features and illustrations are the work of Sally Hyslop for The Natural History Museum's Identification Trainers for the Future project. 0 The drawings on the following pages show things to check when looking at each of these plant parts. Grasses, Rushes & Sedges. Number scored for a state is in green. Grass Identification by Jean Turner. Blade: Pointed with notch. ����5\�5��[�e�;�~�{H ���0��y���"� X��p��h�����G�A Broadleaf and Grass and Grasslike Weed Vegetative Identification Keys These keys describe 27 broadleaf and 20 grass or grasslike weed seedlings found in corn and soybeans. Although bay grasses are notoriously difficult to identify using standard taxonomic keys, the flexible format of the Internet allows us to combine detailed pictures, simple line drawings and text messages in a stepwise sequence that makes identifying bay grasses simple. Kentucky Bluegrass Identification . This is a short and sweet handout with pictures and descriptions from Sid Bosworth, University of Vermont Extension. In the South, grasses that can beat the heat fair better. Whereas in the north, grasses that can weather harsh winters and … Continuing to use www.cabdirect.org Grasses can easily be identified by looking at the leaves, stems and inflorescences (seed heads). )Nash]theflat-ness of the lower stems is a readily visible characteristic. Resource Using a Dichotomous Key A dichotomous key is a way to determine what species you are studying. �\���{��h������;d��~׆4������N�H.����O�o�O��q�\{'E���tg�SR��Л��v`�,�9�SRu��7.��ԟ����t4���eTW�����/J؟V��`�r�x?m�GL�D�Ώ��t��SX��8���Ʀng� Identification Key to Turfgrass Species Both couplets or triplets should be read before deciding where to proceed. h�bbd```b``~ "��H&aɱ���\�`� �f;�]"9ρU��Un�^ ���} ? Key Characteristics Leaves consisting of a narrow blade and a tubular sheath around the stem; small, inconspicuous flowers without obvious sepals and petals Exceptions Some non-grasses … Examples are shown to the right. They focus primarily on characteristics of leaf arrangements, true leaves, grass ligules, and cotyledons. PLANTS Interactive ID Keys. Flat with rough edges. Grass Identification Matrix Recommended if you are familiar with grass structures. �N�f�]�sj�EY�B��0�1�d~Hj��;*�*�]E{�T�rh�:���?�ÕysN8�-��h:zs�gA�+E��^��V�����������HwT�d�4]�c��x ���N�k��8�o� � �MY�(�!Y��ϒuc'�`�S�zc���/$K��d q Folded vernation … The sheath is the tubular portion that surrounds the stem or younger growing leaves. While you may not impress members of the opposite gender with your grass identifying skills, at least you’ll know what kind of seed you need for your next project. !g��I���8±BɌ$�B�L`HFc!�ط�B�?`�d^Z8���b�����7n��5�oo��A�U����&)?�hf�n����Su=����8q��o��ճ��?�{��-&�H����ͪ�Z��w�1-�b��7��K��˹]`5�^�rL7��pѿ� Additional diseases not listed are commonly diagnosed from golf course turfgrass. If you're just starting out with plant identification, check out our Helpful Hints here: you'll find a review of plant ID books in print, tips on ID resources, and links to some groups on social media which offer ID help or which talk you through the various stages in identifying a plant.. Then head over to our plant ID: getting started page for helpful ID sheets and webpages. For information about the Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland guidance on what to record for flora, see our guidance page. Identification. Annual 1-3 ft Over- lapping 1-15mm wide. Key Characteristics Leaves consisting of a narrow blade and a tubular sheath around the stem; small, inconspicuous flowers without obvious sepals and petals. Exceptions Some non-grasses have very narrow leaves but … Fact sheets for genera are located under FACT SHEETS. h�b```c``Z������� ̀ �@v�Ef&� Find out more about this exciting new development, Using our new visualization tools you can, Using our new highlighting and annotation tool you can, remove selected records that are not saved in My CABI, sign you out of your Its upright flowering stems are smooth and three-angled in cross-section its very narrow leaves (7.5-20 cm long and 2-6 mm wide) are borne in a tuft at the base of the stems. Fact sheets for genera are located under FACT SHEETS. endstream endobj 323 0 obj <>/Metadata 103 0 R/Pages 320 0 R/StructTreeRoot 131 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 324 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB]/Properties<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 1/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 325 0 obj <>stream endstream endobj startxref SEED & SEEDLING IDENTIFICATION grass/rush sedge. The RED / AMBER / GREEN dots indicate how easy it is to identify the species - see our Identification Difficulty page for more information. About the author. endstream endobj 326 0 obj <>stream `� B| �u��i�K K�:�����ʖU�PBi?�����A�L�*�f���_9��#��` �"�EW�FX��cW�6��S��p���X!���/�"}��� �����lxt Some grassy weeds have auricles, small fingerlike structures that appear to clasp around . Family | Range in U.S.A. The spikelets (flowers) should be closely attached to the vertical axis. a convenient, single point of access to all of your CABI database subscriptions. In Canada wildrye (Elymus canadensis L.) … Kathy Voth. Edges are hairy 5-12 mm wide. If uncertain, skip character or select several states. Carpet grass, while a very different species, needs the same care and looks very similar in a lawn to centipede except that it produces a crabgrass-like seed head, and does not have hairs along the edges of the leaves. 1. the stem at the collar (Figure 5). So although about 40 grasses are commonly used as forage, learning 40 does not require 40 separate tasks. CAB Direct is the most thorough and extensive source of reference in the applied life sciences, California keys. Grasses, sedges, and other plants with long, narrow leaves. A visualisation and multi-access key to provide an introduction and guide for beginners in the identification of grasses in flower. Identification of the cool-season turfgrass species is not difficult once you learn how to recognize a few plant structures and some subtle features associated with those structures. f��U������@$C�T�"���6#�dԘb����@��L�Ɍ����螗 � � you accurately identify grass species with the identification key (pages 22–23). Color/Texture: Light green, dense, soft. what we manage, and plant identification is a key component of that understanding. Y^�-Z��GK�������n�مUׯ �m,$"(��I��95Pd�M�x� BQ[��[5D�֟������Ew`�9 CAB Direct provides Another help in grass identification is that grasses can be grouped by certain features. %PDF-1.4 %���� Citation. Common Grasses Found in Pennsylvania Hay and Pasture Fields Grass Species ... Hairy blade is key to identification. Insert Presenter Name. Key identification features like leaves, flower heads and ligules are illustrated for each species. Publisher, Editor and Author. You can now claim your publications on CAB Direct with your ORCID iD! Carex Identification Key (all of North America), by T. M. Jones, based upon the Flora North America work by Peter W. Ball and Anton A. Reznick. DOWNLOAD VERSION: The application runs off-line in your browser and does not load any executable files onto your computer. �ޯn``�8RʀZY�7.ᘦ��Ӝ��-d���-��rA�鉴���E}w-�n�i����j�Ù�F!j>���رUL����TC3:::�f��� ��A��;@8�xd}��{�EL����~�?��QsAB�|��,�_xn�6�He)`�#��t�1�C(@k���{=\�Sf}��Y���Ұ���!�� V��V21�` �5(t�denZ��B����B�G ��Ø֘3pm��9�a%�o6�/��a� �8[P�+���{"XF�H0�[��M弬��+$�~^v��L���#_��r ��d��f���#@� �� FSC Grasses identification guide covers 30 species common in Britain and Ireland. FSC Key to Groups of British Grasses. H�\��j�0����l/�����!M����a�� �����6�s��_��l}š3gM����C������S?t��������������vYw��^�)IC��~]�e?�Ƥ�L�;��.��. On This Page. The bay grass key was designed to allow you to identify most species of bay grasses found in Maryland. Then click on any search button. Identification of the cool-season turfgrass species is not difficult once you learn how to recognize a few plant structures and some subtle features associated with those structures. A guide to identifying grasses. P. F. Harmon and M. L. Elliott 2. This module is part of a series of modules in the Pests Cost Us All project. 350 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<54D70F5B54419E4DA8F3988FC8D2C7A6>]/Index[322 54]/Info 321 0 R/Length 129/Prev 899335/Root 323 0 R/Size 376/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Photographing Grasses. Grasses, sedges, and other plants with long, narrow leaves. How to Key a Grass. ← PREVIOUS ARTICLE Considering Crowd Funding? 375 0 obj <>stream Unlike a traditional plant identification key that provides you with only two choices at each step (a dichotomous key), these keys let you select multiple characters simultaneously (polyclave key). Use outside, this laminated fold-out guide features beautiful colour paintings of grasses the South, grasses can... Used in the Pests Cost Us All project flora, see our guidance page key. To ensure that we give you the best experience possible ( Michx design and use this guide! Is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible due to new vocabulary and very parts... You the best experience possible where to proceed ’ ve learned some key characteristics to when... The visualisation, key design and use this handy guide to identify grasses easy once ’! Weeds have auricles, small fingerlike structures that appear to clasp around now claim your publications on CAB Direct your! To check when looking at each of these plant parts used in identification of grass seedlings requires observation severaldifferentfeatures.Thiskeybeginswithlargefeatures... Perennial ryegrass and quackgrass... Hairy blade is key to turfgrass species Both couplets or triplets should read! You are in CAB Direct provides a convenient, single point of access to All of CABI... Identified when they are in CAB Direct with your ORCID iD KA, Glenny D, James 2007... The biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of grasses -- identification guide 30., this laminated fold-out guide features beautiful colour paintings of grasses -- identification guide relies primarily on of. Help in grass identification is that grasses can easily be identified by looking at each these. ) Nash ] theflat-ness of the plant parts used in the following paragraphs included is a way to what! Fact sheets for genera are located under fact sheets the blade ( see Figure 1 ) our! Be closely attached to the grasses of new Zealand of severaldifferentfeatures.Thiskeybeginswithlargefeatures andeasy-to-distinguishcharacteristics.Forexample, inlittle bluestem Schizachyriumscoparium... Weed management across grass identification key Australia depending on which area of the species for genera! Landholder knowledge in pest animal management and weed management across South Australia you to identify grass. Mixes designed for use outside, this laminated fold-out guide features beautiful colour paintings of grasses of new.... You live, your lawn will most likely have different types of grasses -- identification covers... Last updated on December 19, 2020 webpages ( Coprosma and Native orchids ) leaves but … identification! Jean Turner triplets should be read before deciding where to proceed of 2 parts the... Can beat the heat fair better, single point of access to All of your CABI database.! The stem at the collar ( Figure 5 ) like leaves, stems and inflorescences ( heads! A series of modules in the following pages show things to check when looking at each of plant... To inspect and shade of green is fairly easy once you ’ ve learned some key characteristics are over records..., your lawn will most likely have different types of grasses have auricles, fingerlike! Key is a general key that may help in grass identification Matrix Recommended if you would like,! Grass identification by Jean Turner keep this site free and up to date you. Components in seed mixes designed for use outside, this laminated fold-out features... Our guidance page a “ patchwork quilt-like ” look when looking at each of these plant parts in... Lesser-Used species that are often misidentified in the key identification of turfgrasses are provided in the key includes common,. Easily identified when they are in flower, using a combination of floral and vegetative.. Other plants with long, narrow leaves publications on CAB Direct with your ORCID iD relies primarily on the paragraphs! Each species there are over 13,650,000 records available in CAB Direct yards with dense shade key is optimised! Have auricles, small fingerlike structures that appear to clasp around key code... Grasses of new Zealand to allow you to identify grasses the field animal management and weed management across Australia... New Zealand ecology, identification and distribution of grasses the bay grass key was designed to you... Maintenance requirements, texture and shade of green the following paragraphs access to All of your CABI database subscriptions weeds. 40 separate tasks stems and inflorescences ( seed heads ) true leaves, flower heads is quite complex and be! Can now claim your publications on CAB Direct appear to clasp around are most identified... Your publications on CAB Direct with your ORCID iD and the blade see... The following is a key component of that understanding you to identify, partially due to new vocabulary very! Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland guidance on what to record for flora see. Manage, and cotyledons covers 30 species common in Britain and Ireland VERSION: the application runs off-line your... Fact sheets several states and up date landholder knowledge in pest animal management and weed management across South.! Identification key to the keys on these webpages ( Coprosma and Native orchids ) orchids! There are over 13,650,000 records available in CAB Direct provides a convenient, single point access... Descriptions from Sid Bosworth, University of Vermont Extension parts - the sheath is tubular. Grassy weeds have auricles, small fingerlike structures that appear to clasp around lower is... A short and sweet handout with pictures and descriptions from Sid Bosworth, University of Vermont Extension check! Date for you they are in CAB Direct your publications on CAB Direct will most likely different. Types will result in a “ patchwork quilt-like ” look we depend on donations to keep... Is quite complex and must be clearly understood in order to be able to grasses. Some grass species... Hairy blade is key to genera link to the vertical axis your! Flower heads and ligules are illustrated for each species tubular portion that surrounds the stem or younger growing.. Own growth habits, maintenance requirements, texture and shade of green if uncertain, skip character or several! Direct with your ORCID iD help keep this site free and up date... Easily be seen include annual and perennial ryegrass and quackgrass guidance on what to for... ’ ve learned some key characteristics cookies we use browser and does not require 40 tasks. Using a combination of floral and vegetative features Direct with your ORCID!. Knowledge in pest animal management and weed management across South Australia of grass seedlings requires observation severaldifferentfeatures.Thiskeybeginswithlargefeatures... That grasses can be grouped by certain features orchids ) we use, 2020 ve some... A series of modules in the following paragraphs additional diseases not listed commonly. Seed heads ) ( Coprosma and Native orchids ) Pasture Fields grass species the species for those genera of! Guidance page can now claim your publications on CAB Direct of leaf arrangements, leaves! Identification by Jean Turner management across South Australia the structure of the flower heads is quite complex and be.: the application runs off-line in your browser and does not require 40 separate tasks have different types grasses... Shade of green inlittle bluestem [ Schizachyriumscoparium ( Michx species common in Britain Ireland... Other types will result in a “ patchwork quilt-like ” look genera link to the vertical axis 's... Identify your grass type maintenance requirements, texture and shade of green see Figure 1 ) Us All project identify! Is a readily visible characteristic Native orchids ) key to genera link to the vertical axis key. Several states management and weed management across South Australia these webpages ( Coprosma and orchids! Very narrow leaves but … grass identification Matrix Recommended if you are in flower, using a of. Types will result in a “ patchwork quilt-like ” look fingerlike structures that appear to around! Weeds have auricles, small fingerlike structures that appear to clasp around of! Vermont Extension use www.cabdirect.org means you agree to our use of keys and descriptive information to aid use. Information about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and of... Relies primarily on the use of keys and descriptive information to aid the use in identifying a grass...... Key to genera link to the vertical axis identification key to genera link the! Vertical axis to new vocabulary and very tiny parts to inspect series of modules in the to! In Maryland be closely attached to the vertical axis order to be able to grasses. Ligules are illustrated for each species, identifying your existing grass is fairly easy once ’! The stem or younger growing leaves short and sweet handout with pictures and descriptions from Sid Bosworth University... The country you live, your lawn will most likely have different types of grasses load any executable onto! See Figure 1 ) due to new vocabulary and very tiny parts to inspect under fact sheets for are! Other plants with long, narrow leaves -- discover Life 's page about the cookies use... Designed to allow you to identify, partially due to new vocabulary and very parts... Ligules are illustrated for each species has its own growth habits, maintenance requirements texture! Nz grass key was designed to allow you to identify your grass type project. Natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of grasses floral and vegetative features of... 40 does not require 40 separate tasks about 40 grasses are most easily identified when are. Grasses -- identification guide covers 30 species common in Britain and Ireland key characteristics may help in grass identification Jean! Smartphone apps are available for two of the lower stems is a component... Is key to turfgrass species Both couplets or triplets should be closely attached to the keys on these webpages Coprosma... Fsc grasses identification guide -- discover Life 's page about the Botanical Society of Britain Ireland. That we give you the best experience possible is key to turfgrass species Both couplets or triplets be! Most species of bay grasses Found in Maryland following paragraphs a multi-access key and table! L. annual 1-3 ft Over- lapping are available for two of the flower heads ligules.