Jon: Wouldn't it just mean what we've been talking about? Do what is right and good, for I am coming soon to rescue you and to display my righteousness among you. Jon: Right. Education, influence, wealth. The Lord’s words in that initial discourse and His subsequent ministry provide a glimpse of what His kingdom should look like in a world in which it is often not visible. That is the biblical vision of mishpat. Tzedakah. The whole point of the poem is, if that's what I think is valuable, which gives me value, and therefore what I think is most valuable, I'm fooling myself if I say I know God. Psalm 99. Because they're poor, they're more likely to essentially not have access because at that point, then you're manufacturing the marketplace. The aim of the conference was to show that the close cooperation of Jewish and Christian biblical scholars can help both sides to a deeper understanding of their common biblical heritage. Thanks for being a part of this with us. He's Peruvian. This volume publishes the symposium papers of a joint conference held in Bochum, Germay in 1990 between the University of Tel Aviv, Israel, and the University of the Ruhr, Bochum. In other words, seeking justice places the emphasis on the outcome: you can't have justice without the power to make it happen. Tim: What does it mean to protect their rights? Tim: Yeah, it is. And so this is why the Jesus movement was so stinking effective in the first few centuries was, it was creating these institutions to care for the vulnerable that simply didn't exist. Tzedakah will be a belt around his loins and faithfulness a belt around his waist. My power and influence, same thing. Jon: What makes God delight is mercy, justice, and righteousness. ς, ἡ Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: dikaiosuné Phonetic Spelling: (dik-ah-yos-oo'-nay) Definition: righteousness, justice Usage: (usually if not always in a Jewish atmosphere), justice, justness, righteousness, righteousness of which God is the source or author, but practically: a divine righteousness. I mean, it's like the people who are shifting the weights. And if he gives his bread to the hungry and covers the naked with clothing, then he will find life. Jon: Righteousness to me was always a very personal thing, but you're talking about it as a very interpersonal thing. It was encapsulated by this phrase that he coined, called, if you look at the God of the Bible, who reveals himself as the God of the Exodus - he calls it the God has a preferential option for the poor." Now we're to righteousness. I don't know. “Justice” appears only 11 times in the ESV translation, 9 times in the NASB, and 8 times in the NKJV. You can also take off the "ah" and just have "tzedak." If you type “justice” into a Bible word search engine, it doesn’t appear much. His sense of justice not only extended to women in general, it reached to a Canaanite woman who sought Him on behalf of her sick daughter (Matthew 15:21-28) and to a Samaritan woman whom He encountered in need (John 4). Jon: When God says that He is righteous, He's just meaning He has right relationships with humans? What an enormous pressure that would be? Consider these examples: Matthew 5:6: “Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after justice: for they shall be filled.”, Matthew 5:10: “Blessed are they which are persecuted for justice’s sake: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.”, Matthew 6:20: “For I say unto you, that except your justice shall exceed the justice of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven.”, Matthew 6:33: “But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and His justice; and all these things shall be added unto you.”. However, there are over a dozen references to the Sermon on the Mount and the theme of justice is echoed on every page. Then their poverty makes them more likely to be taken advantage of. He not only ministered to a thief, He redeemed a dying thief (Luke 23:32-33). I think just like with language about the spirit, for example, I think when you read in Paul's letters about God's righteousness, what we're talking about is God's character that motivates him to address the plight of the vulnerable and the afflicted or the oppressed. Bethany, OK 73008 | Phone: 405-787-7110. Here we read that everyone at the Great White Throne will be judged “according to the works they have done” (Revelation 20:11-12). Jon: What provides the most straightness. We haven't really talked about that word and you said it's an opinion word to mishpat. This way of life that he was practicing is a way of life that embodies. Jon: You're talking about the word righteousness or tzedakah? But then there's the guy who's kind of like, he just needed one day a little extra money because his mom was sick or his daughter broke her leg or whatever, and he's like, "I know how I can do it." That just is the case. And most scholars…there’s one Israeli Hebrew scholar, he wrote a whole book on this. These are his words. Both of those are woven together tightly. 3. None of these martyrs are blaming God or asking Him why they had to suffer so on earth. The Virgin Mary expressed this sentiment in part of her response to the news that she would give birth to the long-awaited Messiah. That just is the case. At the same time, for Paul as for other New Testament writers there can be no doubt that human behavior has to be in correspondence to God's righteousness. Fight for the rights of widows. 33 At the very outset of His earthly ministry, Jesus set out to contrast His interpretation of the Old Testament teaching on righteousness with that of the scribes and Pharisees. Jon: Wrapping yourself and clothing yourself in this type of way of being. You meet somebody who leverages their wisdom and might and riches for that and you're just like...There's one sense of which I don't actually…Oh, gosh, if I had that kind of wealth, I would be so terrified that I wouldn't leverage it for kind of thing. We get a sense of this from Jeremiah 9:24: ‘I am the Lord who exercise kindness, justice and righteousness’. This is the second part of our conversation on the biblical theme of justice. But my hunch is they're probably religious people on both sides of that debate who have read their Bibles, and they really believe what they're doing is faithful, even though they come to different points of view. But those also can be used on the other direction. Here you go. John the revelator saw a company of victors in heaven who had been put to death by a coming world ruler. This is episode two of our Justice series. All these things mixed together, which just led to one bad choice after another until he just felt stuck. I'm just going to just tinker with the weights. Righteousness. I was eyes for the blind, feet for the lame, father for the needy; I investigated the case which wasn't my own. Thus, in this last section of the book, Isaiah was combining his two treatments of righteousness: (1) we should live upright lives that reflect God’s intended order for life (justice) because (2) he, in saving us, will impart his righteousness to us. Additionally, the hour is coming when God Himself will wipe away all the tears from the redeemed who will live forever without sorrow, pain, or death (see Revelation 21:4). Justice is a biblical motif that curves its way through the entire biblical narrative and has its climax in Jesus. But it's an exercise everybody has to go through, I think if you find yourself called into these kinds of roles. It's going to be a great conversation. what to do with that. Jon: But someone who's really just more about the free market, might go like, "No, everyone has an equal opportunity, so let's not mess with things. The aim of the conference was to show that the close cooperation of Jewish and Christian biblical scholars can help both sides to a deeper understanding of their common biblical heritage. His Parable about the Shepherd dividing the sheep and the goats speaks vividly to His standard of justice. Tim and Jon discuss the twin ideas of Justice and Righteousness in the Bible. Jesus was showing us that, for multiplied millions of people, true justice will only come when we step into eternity. The same with, like, location banks, and this kind of thing. Tim: Again, the common denominator is the poor. This is one example. There might be ways. Other prophets, working in the sister kingdom of Judah, are indignant about similar things. Then my mom said that one of her friends from back where I grew up was a policeman officer, and would constantly talk about all the problems that arose from the homeless. The point is, don't boast. The Justice Calling. In a single statement, he captures the essence of justice in this manner: “Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, to visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, and to keep himself unspotted from the world” (James 1:27). Jon: You're saying that the Bible is saying that justice is actually identifying the people who are marginalized and vulnerable and making sure that there are systems in place that give them a leg up. 4. Tim: Oh, man, that is extremely controversial ground these days in Bible nerds who write and debate about Paul. Rather, the one who boasts in anything has only one thing to boast about. My riches. There is one last scene that merits our attention in the Apocalypse. There are other people who through some choices of their own, but some not. Jon: Thanks for listening to this episode of The Bible Project. There will eventually be an inversion of status—the rich will be brought down and the victims of injustice will be elevated. Jon: Also for whatever reason, it's also easy to begin to justify doing things that in a different situation would be obviously unjust, and to just think, "Well, it's okay...I don't know. His most famous book was called "A Theology of Liberation.". Really, this distinction becomes less and less important. It's not simple. God is both just and righteous. Faithfulness will spring up from the ground, and justice will look down from the sky.”), and Psalm 89:14 (“Righteousness and justice are the foundation of your throne; steadfast love and faithfulness go before you.”). • Episode 2. It's just right through. Righteousness is defined as "the quality of being morally correct and justifiable." It was at death that the inversion of their status took place, for the rich man went to hell while Lazarus arrived in paradise. They are basically seen as the same thing from a … If I'm claiming to be a religious person who basis my view of the world on the Bible, my vision of the just society has to be informed by this. It helps other people discover it and it's a big encouragement to us. Here's an example from Ezekiel chapter 18. Justice and righteousness are central to the heart of God. Jon: That's interesting because people would just say justice is the standard. In reality, Jesus did not offer a … This is from Job. The branch or the shoot is an image for the king, and the spirit breasts on him, the appointing spirit rests on him, the sevenfold spirit: Spirit of the LORD, wisdom, understanding, counsel, strength, spirit of knowledge, and the fear of the LORD. So he just started writing. 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